CREATIVITY IN INDIA

Today we are going to disscuss what is the level of creativity in india.

WHAT IS CREATIVITY?

ANUPAM KUMAR
CREATIVITY IS NOT FOLLOW ORTHODOXY

The meaning of creativity in english dictionary is” the use of imagination or original ideas to create something; inventiveness.”

  • Creativity is a phenomenon whereby something new and somehow valuable is formed. The created item may be intangible or a physical object.
  • Creativity is defined as the tendency to generate or recognize ideas, alternatives, or possibilities that may be useful in solving problems, communicating with others, and entertaining ourselves and others.
  • In order to be creative, you need to be able to view things in new ways or from a different perspective. Among other things, you need to be able to generate new possibilities or new alternatives. Tests of creativity measure not only the number of alternatives that people can generate but the uniqueness of those alternatives. the ability to generate alternatives or to see things uniquely does not occur by change; it is linked to other, more fundamental qualities of thinking, such as flexibility, tolerance of ambiguity or unpredictability, and the enjoyment of things heretofore unknown.
  • APPLE CO-FOUNDER STEVE WOZNIAK SAID ABOUT INDIANS CREATIVITY AND INDIANS STANDARD OF SUCCESS–

Apple co-founder Steve Wozniak, popularly known as Woz in the tech world, managed to hurt the sentiments of Indians far and wide with his statement at the ET Global Business Summit in New Delhi.

Asked about his view on India, with respect to the emergence of a global tech force, Woz said: “I am not an anthropologist and I don’t know the culture of India well enough. I don’t see those big advances in tech companies. What is the biggest tech company here, Infosys maybe? I just don’t see that sort of thing coming out of Infosys and I have done keynotes for them three times.”

Prodded a little further, Woz said: “The culture here is one of success based upon academic excellence, studying, learning, practising and having a good job and a great life. For upper India, not the lower. I see two India(s). That’s a lot like Singapore study, study, work hard and you get an MBA, you will have a Mercedes but where is the creativity? The creativity gets left out when your behaviour is too predictable and structured, everyone is similar. Look at a small country like New Zealand, the writers, singers, athletes; it’s a whole different world.”

Woz’s observation, as one would expect, managed to create a furore.

Apple co-founder Steve Wozniak, popularly known as Woz in the tech world, managed to hurt the sentiments of Indians far and wide with his statement at the ET Global Business Summit in New Delhi.

Asked about his view on India, with respect to the emergence of a global tech force, Woz said: “I am not an anthropologist and I don’t know the culture of India well enough. I don’t see those big advances in tech companies. What is the biggest tech company here, Infosys maybe? I just don’t see that sort of thing coming out of Infosys and I have done keynotes for them three times.”

Prodded a little further, Woz said: “The culture here is one of success based upon academic excellence, studying, learning, practising and having a good job and a great life. For upper India, not the lower. I see two India(s). That’s a lot like Singapore study, study, work hard and you get an MBA, you will have a Mercedes but where is the creativity? The creativity gets left out when your behaviour is too predictable and structured, everyone is similar. Look at a small country like New Zealand, the writers, singers, athletes; it’s a whole different world.”

Woz’s observation, as one would expect, managed to create a furore.

Characteristics of the creative personality:

    1. Creative individuals have a great deal of energy, but they are also often quiet and at rest.
    2. Creative individuals tend to be smart, yet also naive at the same time.
    3. Creative individuals have a combination of playfulness and discipline, or responsibility and irresponsibility.
    4. Creative individuals alternate between imagination and fantasy ant one end, and rooted sense of reality at the other.
    5. Creative people seem to harbor opposite tendencies on the continuum between extroversion and introversion.
    6. Creative individuals are also remarkable humble and proud at the same time.
    7. Creative individuals to a certain extent escape rigid gender role stereotyping and have a tendency toward androgyny.
    8. Generally, creative people are thought to be rebellious and independent.
    9. Most creative persons are very passionate about their work, yet they can be extremely objective about it as well.
    10. The openness and sensitivity of creative individuals often exposes them to suffering pain yet also a great deal of enjoyment.

TYPES OF CREATIVITY:-

Have you heard someone say, “Oh, bhai – he’s so creative! I wish I was creative like that.” It makes it sound as if creativity is a natural skill or talent, like the ability to sing or paint. Other times people say “I’m going to a seminar to learn how to be more creative.” That makes it sound as if creativity is a skill that anyone can learn. So, which is it? Well, kind of both and kind of neither.

Four Types of Creativity – Arne Dietrich (2004) identifies 4 different types of creativity with corresponding different brain activities. Think of it like a matrix:

Creativity can be either emotionally or cognitively based, and it can also be spontaneous or deliberate. That gives you the four quadrants.

#1: Thomas Edison – Deliberate and cognitive creativity is the kind of creativity that comes from sustained work in a discipline. For example, Thomas Edison, the inventor of the electric light bulb, was a deliberate and cognitive creator. He ran experiment after experiment before he would come up with an invention. In addition to the light bulb, Thomas Edison also invented the phonograph, and the motion picture camera. One of his famous quotes is:

“I have not failed. I’ve just found 10,000 ways that won’t work.”

#2: Personal breakthrough “a-ha” moments – If you’ve ever had a personal crisis (relationship break-up, got fired, gone through a bankruptcy), and then had a flash of insight about yourself and what chain of bad decisions you might have made that contributed to the crisis, then you may have experienced deliberate, emotional creativity. This type of creativity also involves the PFC. That is the deliberate part. But instead of focusing attention on a particular area of knowledge or expertise, people who are engaging in deliberate, emotional creativity have a-ha moments having to do with feelings and emotions. The cingulate cortex is the part of the brain that processes complex feelings that are related to how you interact with others, and your place in the world. And the cingulated cortex is connected to the PFC. These two brain areas are active with this type of creativity.

#3 Isaac Newton “Eureka” moments – Have you ever been working on a problem or idea that you can’t seem to solve. Maybe you have been trying to figure out how to staff a project at work, and you just don’t see how you can free up the right people to do the project. Then you go to lunch, and on your way back you get a flash of insightabout how to staff the project. This is an example of spontaneous and cognitive creativity.

Spontaneous and cognitive creativity involves the basal ganglia of the brain. This is where dopamine is stored, and it is a part of the brain that operates outside of your conscious awareness. During spontaneous, cognitive creativity, the conscious brain stops working on the problem, and this gives the unconscious part of the brain a chance to work on it instead. If a problem requires “out of the box” thinking then you need to remove it temporarily from conscious awareness. By doing a different, unrelated activity, the PFC is able to connect information in new ways via your unconscious mental processing. The story about Isaac Newton thinking of gravity while watching a falling apple is an example of spontaneous and cognitive creativity. Notice that this type of creativity does need an existing body of knowledge. That is the cognitive part.

#4: “Epiphanies” — Spontaneous and emotional creativity comes from the amygdala. The amygdala is where basic emotions are processed. When the conscious brain and the PFC are resting, then it is possible for spontaneous ideas and creations to emerge. This is the kind of creativity that you think of when you think about great artists and musicians. Often these kind of spontaneous and emotional creative moments are quite powerful, such as an epiphany, or a religious experience. There is not specific knowledge necessary (it’s not cognitive) for this type of creativity, but there is often skill (writing, artistic, musical) needed to create something from the spontaneous and emotional creative idea.

Take-Aways:

  • Deliberate and cognitive creativity requires a high degree of knowledge and lots of time
  • Deliberate and emotional creativity requires quiet time
  • Spontaneous and cognitive creativity requires stopping work on the problem and getting away
  • Spontaneous and emotional creativity probably can’t be designed for
RAM
creativity is part of life

Motivation and Creativity:

Every individual has within him certain motives; some of these motives belong to the lower planes and other motives belong to the higher planes. Maslow has called these motives the hierarchy of motives. In his view, the organic motives, such as, motives for food, drink and security belong to the lower planes, and the motives for prestige and self actualization belong to the higher planes.

Self-actualization of new ideas is the supreme motive of an individual. An individual has a thrilling experience when he is able to freely give expressions to his creative ability. Maddi maintains that in a highly creative person the motive for self- expression is very strong. In his view, a highly creative person gives expression to his creative talent even in the midst of most adverse circumstances.

Intelligence and Creativity:

It has been found out through research that creative persons have high conceptual development. Schroder has found out that an individual with high conceptual development is able to interrelate a large number of concepts with the help of a large number of appropriate logical rules.

It is found that an indi­vidual with high conceptual development is usually very creative in his expres­sions, for instance, a highly talented physicist is acquainted with a very large number of concepts in Physics and he knows the appropriate rules for finding out the relationships between those concepts.

On the other hand a dull person has knowledge of a very few concepts and he knows a very few rules for relat­ing those concepts. Schroder, therefore, believes that an individual with high conceptual integration is usually highly creative.

Wallach and Kogan however, did not find any significant relationship be­tween high intelligence and creativity. They found out that some highly crea­tive persons are also highly intelligent persons. However, there are some highly creative persons who have average intelligence.

In their view, therefore, crea­tivity is an independent category which functions in an autonomous manner. They point out that creativity denotes a mode of cognitive functioning that matters a great deal in the life of a child.

Creativity and Originality:

Frank Barron has found out that creative persons are exceptionally origi­nal in their thoughts and ideas. In his view, creative persons seldom think in the same way as others usually do. They always perceive things from a new angle. They always conceive of an idea from a new point of view. They are, therefore, quite different from the average people.

It has been found out by psychological tests that creative persons have verbal fluency and high degree of intellect. They are able to communicate their ideas very clearly and effectively. They are novel in their innovations and exceptionally original in their approach.

Conclusion to Creative Education:

Educational theories have been propounded by several educational think­ers for the intellectual, moral and aesthetic development of human beings. Various methods and techniques have been utilized for imparting education to young people and the adults.

Many drawbacks can be found in almost all the theories and the methods of education.

The system of education is in a state of crisis all over the world. The students are not satisfied with the present system of education. There is global youth unrest. The political leaders and the educational planners all over the world seem to be worried.

The inevitable conclusion which may be drawn from researches in the field of humanities and sciences is that the present educational policy must be radically changed.

The aim of education should be to nurture, stimulate and promote the crea­tive talents in individuals. The intellectual, moral and aesthetic quality of hu­man beings can be considerably improved through implementation of the pro­grammes of creative education. The welfare of the future of mankind will rest upon the spread of creative education on the global-scale in the new millen­nium.

BE CREATIVE ,BE POSITIVE ,DO NOT BE NEGATIVE.

 

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